Admiral Thomas became the local representative of the British Commission (the government of the Provisional Cession) by out-ranking Paulet. Thomas' goal was to end the occupation.
On July 31, 1843, Admiral Thomas returned the islands back to Kamehameha III at the site we know today as Thomas Square. Kamehameha III proclaimed the words Ua Mau ke Ea o ka 'Āina i ka Pono in a speech during a ceremony to mark his restoration. When translated to English it means "The life of the land is perpetuated in righteousness." Those words serve today as Hawaii's state motto.
One hundred and fifty years ago (1863) this article was published in The Friend, a monthly intelligencer by Rev. Samual Chenery Damon: